ITIL񼶱SLA

ӰϮ HyperX Alloy Elite RGB

DIYӲ

Ӱ

ּҵ

ҵIT

ҵ

IT168ҳ

2009-09-25 14:58 IT168վԭ : ӡ༭:ٻ

IT168 ¡ITILSLAĸ֪˺ܶ࣬Ϥ뱾ʵ˿ܲ࣬ҲٿⲿݵϣǸʵҵصľͽ٣һշľӶࡣһֱ˵ISO2000013̷ֱһƪ˼̱ȽϴֻˣǰʱĿSLAۣһ뷨¼Թ⽻עֻǻڸ˶SLA⣬ҲΪһSLAõĽ⣬ֻǻĿǰ׶֪ԣǿҲʵ

ITILIJҪһãDZ׼ãŴͳһ׼ƣITILṩһҿԹͬṩһҿԱ׼ָĽĻȫITҵ߿ͳһ׼ITILҸΪĵĸ֮һSLA룬ҵһֱԱ׼ģһֱĸΪָ꣬Ľҵ⣬SLAһɿơۡɹɸĽľģֻͣڷdzڵIJĽơ

ʵڴͳҵҲSLAĸֻû˶һһϵ͵60ȡͣݹ˾XXʱݵȵȣһŵʱȵȣSLAĸһͬӦԼͬͬʱڹϵݵҪҲͬն

ITIL߸ĴǶSLAŴSLAһ׹ϵôSLAʲôأSLAService Level Agreementͨ񼶱ҪۼϣʾǸͻһģԼã֣ʾķʲô̶ҪָᵽҪᵽһĿ¼

ͻITʱҪȷģʵǷ񼶱ǷĿ¼ΪҪͻҪʲôҪķݼĿ¼ӦԼʲô񣬲ȥģһIṬӦԼķĿ¼Ʋ˵ȻҵͻɿͻˣѡȡһݷĿ¼ÿһҪﵽļ̴һܽ񱨼ۣΪ񼶱ɱdzȵġȷ߼ȷʲôȻȷʲôز

SLAȷļ߱ITͻְݣһʹףΪʵʵķͻȻΪӦ¶ΪITҲǩһΪͻʹİѻˣʵʵITŴά˾Ϊͻڱûǵģǵˣʵɱʱַ󲻸ߣ޴ۣǵĿ¼SLA˫һܺõĻȥĽ񣬱ɫĵشɱĿƣǿͻǷṩ൱ס

ȷ˷Ŀ¼񼶱IT̽ݷ񼶱𡢳ɱȥصԴɷŶӣSLAָŶҵݣһͬڽʱͻݺִͬSLAĴɣ㸶

ʵһIT̹ԱȽϳ죬ҵһĹģʱԸSLAĿ¼ʷϢһɱģͣڶ񱨼պijɱǷdzġ

SLAһҪĹע㣬SLAɲһάͻһӵָָ꣬ںͬǸ޷ģSLAɥʧ޷Ÿ޷ִ֪޷ִҲ޴Ӹƣһһȷһָָļ㷽ҲҪעģҪͻ̶ָ꣬IJ˫һյĴɽƫס

ǽʼSLAļҪأ

1) Ŀ¼Ŀ¼SLAԼķ̵ṩһֻͻѡ˵ķĿ¼̲ŻᱨӦڷĿ¼֮ݣSLAƣҲűʱݵģҲǵģĿ¼ҪĶ⣬ڿͻȻʵӦ޷õģĿ¼һǰһݣͲٶˡ

2) SLAԼʱ䷶ΪͻṩX*XķӦڣ7*245*8Ƿ۳һڵķڣܶԼĹ˾ʵϣÿһ͵Ŀһ빫˾ܶʱͬģͬųɱӣҪڱ۽ʱۺϿǣΪֱӹϵ䱸Űּ࣬ӼƻҲֱӵĹϵSLAIJϵ

3) ԣʵÿһĿһļϣάIDCάһӦϵͳάʵʵҵĿʽڵģͬʱҲʾһȺҪÿһĿĿԣ˵ԣͨĹʽǣ=AST-DT/AST*100ASTagreed service timeָԼķʱᵽķDTActual downtime during agreed service timeԼʱڵͣʱ䡣㹫ʽ򵥵ʵʵȡֵDZȽϸӵģΪASTҪ⣬ҪѷʱʱӣһϷ5*8֮ʱ䣬DzῼģͬʱÿһϵķʱҪأDzɷ̳ģǿͻǷӲǵģʱѹʱԼȻDzġʵϿǵһͬڵijȣͨ˵ĿԴ99%ʵһdz͵Ŀָ꣬5*8ķĻ99%Ŀ208ʱʱڷDzõģʵʵķʱǹֵģΪϵķһԷΪģҵҪΪûȺ⣬Եļ㻹ҪӲӳʵķһֱһˣĹӰ˿أһӦϵͳȫڵӦöûȺڶĻ˾ֲû޷ʹģˣҪԵļĻÿ޶˵Ľͺܶ࣬ʵˣᷢȫķ񲻿벿ֵIJɵļһˣʵʵķˣʾģҪӣںٽ˵

4) ʱ䣺ʱָ͵¼ʱɴʱҪ󣬳̬ԣ¼ΪѯͶߡϡ¼ķ࣬¼ҪּһɷΪʱҪÿһࡢ¼ĽʱҪ󣨱һҪٷӽҪĸ¼Ӱԣһ϶϶Ӱԣһ¼ͶѯDzӰԵģ̬ҲDzӰԵģ񱨼֮Լǣ

ҪرҪǿһ¿ʱĹϵһ໥ǯƹģԶһֻ֮20ʱǿͻͬһʱ20ʱ꣬ʱﶨһϣһϵĽʱ1ʱǿư20ʱɢȫ֮Լٶҵijʱָ궨˺ʱʵȵʵڷģڷĹԵģվڿͻָ㹻Լˡ

Կͷ:4002ֻ3ֻPK

Կͷ:ΪMate 10һ̨ǻۻiPhone8ױ

ԿͷӰʦֻijգȦ

Կͷ:˭Ҫ8 iPhone6 ߳

ASML extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lithography test machines ship

Samsung005935.KS),IntelNASDAQ:INTC),TSMC

Extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lithography offers some hope in the battle to keep Moores Law relevant. The very short light wavelength that can be leveraged by EUV machines means that they have the capability to create higher resolution surface etchings than ever before, to help make components smaller than ever before. Now, according toMIT Technology Review, viaFudzilla, the first test machines capable of EUV lithography have started to ship, from chipmaking equipment firm ASML, to the likes of Samsung, Intel and others.

Back in 2012 HEXUS reported on Samsung making a considerableinvestmentin Dutch company ASML which seems to be at the forefront in efforts to make EUV lithography practical for mass production. Samsungs cash backing followed even larger investments in ASML by chipmakers like TSMC and Intel.

Progress with EUV seems to have been slow. The problem was that it was difficult to make an EUV light source bright enough for practical industrial lithography processes. ASML has pushed forward with advances in plasma and laser physics and materials science to push past this hurdle. Over recent months it has managed to make the EUV light generator five times more efficient with the knock on effect of faster and more efficient lithographic process. But theres still room for improvement.

Of course ASML must now be feeling confident enough that its EUV machines are capable of impressing, or at least meeting its investors expectations, as test machines have now shipped. Speeds quoted by the MIT Technology Review site suggest the test machines are capable of outputting something like 400 wafers per day. If the EUV light source could be doubled in intensity then up to 800 wafers could be output per machine per day. That is still said to compare unfavourably with status quo technology, capable of 3,000 wafers per day. However that 3,000 figure is expected to drop as more lithographic patterning steps and more expensive masks are required to make ever finer features on future chips without EUV.

Your chance to catch up on this weeks tech developments.

Manufacturers see it as a key selling point, but do RGB lights do anything for you?

Your chance to catch up on this weeks tech developments.

Posted by cheesemp – Tue 12 Apr 2016 12:46Presumably there are more chips per wafer with a size reduction so presumably 800 wafers isnt as bad as it could be?Posted by Kumagawa – Tue 12 Apr 2016 14:49cheesempPresumably there are more chips per wafer with a size reduction so presumably 800 wafers isnt as bad as it could be?Well Nvidias new pascal is 610mm on 16nm physically larger than any chips they made at 28nm so less per wafer than the previous generation.Shrinking chips allows you to make older chips cheaper but if you want performance improvements then the size will either stay the same or get larger.The game consoles will see cost reduction from having smaller chips but phone SoCs/CPUs/GPUs will stay the same in size.MY HEXUS

Sign in for the best HEXUS experience

The use of CT scan and stereo lithography apparatus technologies in a canine individualized rib prosthesis

ScienceDirect switches to a secure connection January 23rd.Start using HTTPS today.

The use of CT scan and stereo lithography apparatus technologies in a canine individualized rib prosthesis

To design and fabricate canine rib prosthesis with full geometric shape using computed tomography (CT) scan combined with computer-aided design (CAD) and stereo lithographic (SLA) technologies and to evaluate the accuracy of this method.

After scanned on 64 rows helical CT, the cortex part of the right 7th rib was selected as the prototype for design and manufacture of the rib prosthesis and image data were stored as DICOM format. Three-dimensional (3D) surface reconstruction was applied to produce 3D image of the 7th rib and results were outputted as STL format which were then modified by UG software for establishment of CAD model.

The rib prosthesis with full geometric shape was obtained based on CT scanning and SLA technique. About 30,000 point cloud data were acquired after 3D laser scan of the ribs. When comparing the rib prosthesis with the rib prototype, the maximum positive deviation, maximum negative deviation, average deviation and standard deviation were 1.764 mm, −2.126 mm, 0.183/−0.253 mm and 0.346 mm, respectively. There were about 88.17% of the point cloud data within the range of 0.5 mm.

It is feasible to design and fabricate rib prosthesis with full geometric shape by using CT scanning technology combined with CAD and SLA technologies. This method is fast, convenient and precise for manufacturing prosthesis. Optimization and improvement could be processed based on the deviation suggested by the scanning.

Copyright © 2013 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Cookies are used by this site. For more information, visit thecookies page.

Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V.

ProJet 7000 HD (2016) Stereo Lithography Build Envelope Capacity inches (mm

ProJet 7000 HD (2016) Stereo Lithography Build Envelope Capacity inches (mm

Build Envelope Capacity inches (mm) 15x15x10 (380x380x250)

Accuracy 0.1-0.2% with 50 m minimum

Laser Spot Size in (mm) 0.00025 (0.00635)

The ProJet 7000 uses stereolithography technology to create accurate and perfectly formed 3D printed parts and prototypes. The ProJet 7000 is available in 3 models, SD, HD and MP, with the largest build platform delivering 15 x 15 x 10 inches (380 x 380 x 250 mm) of available build space. Used by aerospace, automotive, heavy equipment, consumer product and industrial designers, with the ProJet 7000 MP being particularly popular with medical device manufacturers, these systems offer a wide range of material choices. Materials closely match that of their traditional alternatives with ABS-like properties with the VisiJet SL Black, resistance to temperatures as high as 130oC with the VisiJet SL HiTemp, and materials that allow direct creation of casting patterns for foundries and investment casting facilities. VisiJet SL Clear is also USP Class VI certified, making it ideal for medical product manufacturing, especially in mass custom manufacturing. These printers delivery an accuracy of 0.001 – 0.002 inch per inch of part dimension and very fast printing speeds. Each printer is delivered with the 3D Manage software that enables easy build job setup, build optimization tools, parts stacking and nesting, and job monitoring. Features / Benefits • Large build size of up to 15 x 15 x 10 inches (380 x 380 x 250 mm) • Wide choice of materials • USP Class VI certified material available • Accuracy of up to 0.001 inches per inch of part dimension • Super-fast stereolithography technology • Fast and accurate, ideal for mass custom manufacturing • USP CLass VI certified material available • 3D Manage software provided

HomeSign upAbout UsContact UsHelp / FAQTerms & ConditionsPrivacy PolicySitemap

Copyright © MachineSales Inc. All Rights Reserved.

All transactions on MachineSales are charged in USD$ from a US-based merchant account

Global Markets for 3-D Printing

The global market for three-dimensional printing will grow from nearly $3.7 billion in 2016 to more than $10.4 billion by 2021, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 23.2% for the period of 2016-2021.

An overview of the global markets for 3D printing.

Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2015, 2016, and projections of CAGRs through 2021.

Coverage of five different types of technologies: laser sintering, electron beam melting, fused disposition modeling, laminated object manufacturing, and three dimensional inkjet printing.

Geographic segmentation of the market across North America, Europe and Asia.

Information on materials used including polymers, metals and a few others (such as ceramics and paper).

Evaluation of end-use applications in the areas of aerospace, automotive, consumer, healthcare and research.

Analysis of the markets dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.

Profiles of major players in the industry.

The report addresses trends in 3-D printing technology and the global market for the most promising 3-D printing technology applications during the period from 2015 through 2021, including:

Andrew McWilliamsis a partner in 43rdParallel LLC, a Boston-based international technology and marketing consulting firm. He is the author of several other BCC Research market opportunity reports related to 3-D printing technologies and applications.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES

SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY TYPE OF PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

HISTORY OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

TABLE 1: THREE-DIMENSIONALPRINTING HISTORY

PROS AND CONS OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING VERSUS TRADITIONAL MANUFACTURING

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING END USERS AND APPLICATIONS

TABLE 2: THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS

GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET

FIGURE 1: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

GLOBAL MARKET BY PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE

TABLE 3: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 2: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)

TABLE 4: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY END-USER SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 3: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY END-USER SECTOR, 2015-2021 (%)

TABLE 5: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 4: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION, 2015-2021 (%)

TABLE 6: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 5: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY REGION, 2015-2021 (%)

CHAPTER 4 – THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS

TABLE 7: THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

Electron Beam Additive Manufacturing

Continuous Liquid Interface Production

TABLE 8: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM VENDORS

FIGURE 6: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM VENDOR MARKET SHARES, 2015 (% OF TOTAL SALES)

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET, 2015-2021

TABLE 9: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET BY SYSTEM TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 7: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 10: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET BY PROCESS TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 11: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY PROCESS TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)

CHAPTER 5 – THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIALS

TABLE 12: COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE THREE-DIMENSIONAL THERMOPLASTICS, 2016

Other Commercially Available Thermoplastics

Carbon-Reinforced Engineering Polymers

TABLE 13: PHOTOPOLYMERS USED IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

TABLE 14: METALS USED IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

TABLE 15: CERAMICS USED IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

Ceramic-Filled Photosensitive Resin

Ceramic-Filled Thermoplastic Polymer Filament

TABLE 17: ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES AND MATERIALS

TABLE 18: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL VENDORS, 2015

FIGURE 8: MAJOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL SUPPLIER MARKET SHARES, 2015 (%)

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET, 2015-2021

FIGURE 9: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 19: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 10: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET BY TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)

CHAPTER 6 – THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE AND SERVICES

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE TYPES

TABLE 20: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE PROVIDERS, 2016

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE MARKETS, 2015-2021

TABLE 21: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE MARKET, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SERVICES

TABLE 22: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SERVICE PROVIDERS. 2016

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SERVICE MARKETS, 2015-2021

TABLE 23: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING BY SERVICES, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

CHAPTER 7 – INTERNATIONAL DIMENSIONS

TABLE 24: EUROPEAN KEY MARKET PLAYERS IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS, 2016

TABLE 25: JAPANESE KEY MARKET PLAYERS IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS, 2016

TABLE 26: U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING-RELATED INVENTIONS, 2011-2015

AMERICAN GRAPHITE TECHNOLOGIES INC.

GPI PROTOTYPE & MANUFACTURING SERVICES INC.

GUANGDONG SUNTEC INDUSTRIAL CO. LTD.

SUMMARY TABLE: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 1: THREE-DIMENSIONALPRINTING HISTORY

TABLE 2: THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS

TABLE 3: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 4: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY END-USER SECTOR, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 5: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY APPLICATION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 6: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 7: THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING PROCESSES AND TECHNOLOGIES

TABLE 8: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM VENDORS

TABLE 9: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET BY SYSTEM TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 10: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET BY PROCESS TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 11: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET SHARES BY PROCESS TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)

TABLE 12: COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE THREE-DIMENSIONAL THERMOPLASTICS, 2016

TABLE 13: PHOTOPOLYMERS USED IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

TABLE 14: METALS USED IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

TABLE 15: CERAMICS USED IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

TABLE 17: ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES AND MATERIALS

TABLE 18: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL VENDORS, 2015

TABLE 19: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET BY TYPE, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 20: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE PROVIDERS, 2016

TABLE 21: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SOFTWARE MARKET, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 22: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SERVICE PROVIDERS. 2016

TABLE 23: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING BY SERVICES, THROUGH 2021 ($ MILLIONS)

TABLE 24: EUROPEAN KEY MARKET PLAYERS IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS, 2016

TABLE 25: JAPANESE KEY MARKET PLAYERS IN THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEMS, 2016

TABLE 26: U.S. PATENTS ISSUED FOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING-RELATED INVENTIONS, 2011-2015

SUMMARY FIGURE: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRIN
TING MARKET BY TYPE OF PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 1: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 2: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY PRODUCT OR SERVICE TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)

FIGURE 3: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY END-USER SECTOR, 2015-2021 (%)

FIGURE 4: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET SHARES BY APPLICATION, 2015-2021 (%)

FIGURE 5: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MARKET BY REGION, 2015-2021 (%)

FIGURE 6: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM VENDOR MARKET SHARES, 2015 (% OF TOTAL SALES)

FIGURE 7: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM MARKET, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 8: MAJOR THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL SUPPLIER MARKET SHARES, 2015 (%)

FIGURE 9: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET, 2015-2021 ($ MILLIONS)

FIGURE 10: GLOBAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET BY TYPE, 2015-2021 (%)

GII now purchasesany market research reportsfrom any publishersfor you.With no extra cost.

3D Printing in Dentistry 2018: AN OPPORTUNITY ANALYSIS AND TEN-YEAR FORECAST

Distributed Manufacturing Revolution: Convergence of 3D Printing, Cloud Robotics, IoT, Teleoperation, and Virtual Twinning

Industry 4.0 Technologies Market – (Industrial Robotics, 3D Printing, AI, Big Data, Cybersecurity, Cloud Computing, H&V System Integration, Industrial IoT, Sensors, Simulation, VR, AR) 2018-2023

Global Commercial Aerospace 3D Printing Market 2017-2021

The Future of 3D Printing for Medical & Pharmaceuticals to 2027

3D Printing Landscape Report and Database

3D PRINTING: MATERIAL AND EQUIPMENT OPPORTUNITIES, TRENDS, AND MARKETS

Automotive 3D Printing – Global Market Outlook (2017-2023)

The Smartech Personal 3D Printing Advisory Service

Global intellectual property (IP), patent landscape, state-of-the-art report of 3D printing and rapid manufacturing in medical technology

The advent of 3D printing

3D PRINTED shoes by the experimental fashion house Continuum makes use of nylon fiber to make the shoe lightweight but strong.

If theres anything about technology that is both impressive and annoying, its that it is constantly evolving at high speed. You have to be on your feet all the time, keeping up with all the improvements in hardware, software plus all associated devices. Some advances benefit only certain industries, but others cross industry borders.

Three-dimensional digital modeling was one of those improvements, revolutionizing the way we visualize and create things. Being able to see our creations in all dimensions and perfect them without producing them into something real just yet, has made the process of design quicker and less costly. And now, technology has leapfrogged with the promise of tangible models through the  advent of 3D printing.

Ive always envisioned the process of 3D printing much like that of carving: starting with a block of some easy-to-cut material that stood still while little robotic blades came slicing and trimming to cut a form, taking bits away and drilling through, quite like the more traditional mechanical machining equipment.ADVERTISEMENT

But 3D printing actually works in reverse. It produces objects through a process better known as additive printing where the material is first printed layer by layer in a particular shape as dictated by its digital model, until it thickens into a three-dimensional figure.

Most of the time, these layers are produced by extruding melted plastic through fine tubes that run horizontally or vertically through an X or Y axis to create the shape for a particular layer. Much like extruding icing from a tube, or glue from the glue gun. Ive seen chocolate printers too! Yes, using melted chocolate, extruded layer by layer until it creates a form. Yum!

While 3D printing has only been recently making waves, the technology was actually developed way back in 1986 when inventor Charles Hull filed for the patenting of his Apparatus for Production of Three-Dimensional Objects by Stereo Lithography, more popularly known then with the short-cut term Stereolithography. The process was essentially a subsequent layering of thin material, slowly creating two-dimensional shapes with the variations in each stratum. Eventually, you get a three-dimensional form.

A few months ago, I was completely fascinated by a pair of web-like high-heeled shoes I found online. This pair that I had hoped to order was fabricated via 3D printing. And no, I didnt order as they were way too expensive, but they piqued my interest on the workings and possibilities of this new medium.

Then just a few weeks back, the same web-like material appeared on a dress modeled by burlesque queen Dita Von Teese. Garbed in the worlds first 3D printed dress, she wore a mesh-like material studded with crystals, with the mesh expanding to suit the outline of her body. This dress wasnt one of flowing fabric and fine details, but rather an industrial-goth looking get-up in the market, created to demonstrate the capabilities of the modern stereolithography printer to the eagerly awaiting market.

Not surprisingly there are any variants of the 3D printer:  some as precise, expensive and clinical looking as modern medical equipment, and others appearing so crude. One model I saw looks much like a photographers tripod, and there were others that looked like a students science project.  Price points vary too, with the pricier of the desktop ones selling at $3,300 to as low as $600!  The larger more professional models go for $60,000, and up to $600,000 for one, I hear that can print a substantially sized playhouse.ADVERTISEMENT

In the United States, many are already using 3D printing.  In the medical field, doctors  recreate bone structures, customize hearing aids and develop models for joint replacements. In the industrial design field, car prototypes, gadget samples and scale models are now easier to create, and can be ready within hours.

Once 3D printing goes mainstream, it will be heralding a new technological revolution. It will make home manufacturing possible, speed up commercial and industrial design, and will definitely spark a new wave of piracy problems.

Interestingly, what is now being developed to complement the printers are 3D scanners, something I tried using in Italy some six years ago, where it was selling for an arm and four legs. But just as soon as 3D printing is being brought to the masses, Im sure the scanning will be too.  It will bring its own set of advantages and issues, but Im not complaining.

Contact the author through d or through our Asuncion Berenguer  Facebook account.

Subscribe toINQUIRER PLUSto get access to The Philippine Daily Inquirer & other 70+ titles, share up to 5 gadgets, listen to the news, download as early as 4am & share articles on social media. Call 896 6000.

TAGS:3D printingArchitectureDesignproperty

For feedback, complaints, or inquiries,contact us.

LOOK: Angelica Panganiban gets cheered up by a mysterious bouquet of flowers

Couple married for 40 years gets court-approved ban from each others rooms in family home

Ahanmisi powers Akari-Adamson in thrilling win over Marinerong Pilipino

8.5MW hydro power plant switched on in Isabela

One-legged deaf and mute man inspires others for working hard as a sweeper for 12 years

Mamasapano clash survivor among fatalities in Abra blast

Mocha Uson apologizes for Mayon location mistake

Villegas weighs in on JaDines alleged unprofessionalism

Mayon tours the world

Comments do not represent the views of INQUIRER.net. We reserve the right to exclude comments which are inconsistent with our editorial standards.FULL DISCLAIMER

The History of Stereolithography (SLA

Within the field of rapid prototyping there are a variety of ways in which to create a product. From Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM), to Selective Laser Sintering (SLS), to Casting, there are options when it comes to producing a 3D rapid prototyped product from scratch. We provide three types of rapid prototype printing, which are FDM, Polyjet, and Stereolithography (SLA). In this article we want to look at the history of the SLA method of rapid prototyping as well as its pros and cons.

On March 11, 1986, a man by the name of Charles (Chuck) W. Hull patented the method of stereolithography. He also coined the name in his U.S. Patent 4,575,330, entitled Apparatus for Production of Three-Dimensional Objects by Stereolithography. Chuck defined stereolithography as the method of making solid objects by successively laying down thin layers of ultraviolet curable material one layer at a time through the use of the apparatus.

In this patent an ultraviolet light was concentrated on specific areas of a vat filled with liquid photopolymer. Through the concentration of this UV light, which was controlled by a computer that was following the preloaded CAD file, it hardened the curable material one layer at a time. Once the UV light is focused on the space the photopolymer polymerizes/crosslinks and is changed in a solid.

It was in 1986 that Hall founded 3D System Inc. which was the first company to generalize dn commercialize this procedure.

Stereolothography is a form of additive manufacturing. As mentioned earlier, a UV light is concentrated on a particular area of a vat of photopolymer resin and the object is built one layer at a time.

The SLA is placed on a elevator that is controllable up to 0.05mm at a time. After the pattern is traced the SLAs elevator lowers by one level in order to allow for another layer of resin to be laid. Once the stage is done, it happens all over again, re-coating the object with fresh material and joining the subsequent layers together.

Once each layer has been exposed to the UV light, the final design is immersed in a chemical bath in order to rid the design of excess resin. The design is alsu cured in a UV oven.

This form of additive manufacturing is particularly speedy, making it extremely beneficial. There are a variety of sizes that can be made as well, depending on the size of the SLA machine. These prototypes can form the master patterns for injection molding, thermoforming, blow molding and a variety of metal casting processes.

That concludes the history of stereolithography, as well as what we hope to be a variety of helpful bits of information about this unique form of rapid prototyping.

3DӡȫơԤ 2020꣺ (SLASLSFDMEBMLOM3DIP)ϡӦ

3DӡȫơԤ 2020꣺ (SLASLSFDMEBMLOM3DIP)ϡӦ

3D Printing Automotive Market by Technology (SLA, SLS, FDM, EBM, LOM, 3DIP), Materials (Metals, Polymers), Application (Prototyping & Tooling, R&D, Manufacturing), and Region – Global Trends and Forecast to 2020

PDF by E-mail (Single User License)

3DӡȫơԤ 2020꣺ (SLASLSFDMEBMLOM3DIP)ϡӦ

3D Printing Automotive Market by Technology (SLA, SLS, FDM, EBM, LOM, 3DIP), Materials (Metals, Polymers), Application (Prototyping & Tooling, R&D, Manufacturing), and Region – Global Trends and Forecast to 2020

ҵ3Dӡ20152020꣬Ԥ26.99%CAGR2015349Kgɳ20201153KgĹģԵĽŷԤߵ30.29% CAGRɳ

ȫҵ3Dӡ3Dӡķչ3Dӡ۶Ԥ⡢ҵϵĸӦɳĸӰӷֵ֡ӦϱҪƼģıԤ⡢ҪұĶ򡢾Ҫҵȡ

The 3D printing market for automotive is estimated to be 3.49 million kilograms in 2015, and is projected to grow to 11.53 million kilograms by 2020, at a CAGR of 26.99%.

Automotive OEMs have begun adopting 3D printing for rapid prototyping, rapid tooling, R&D, and manufacturing complex components. OEMs have a wide range of 3D printing materials to choose from, including metals, alloys, polymers, glass, and composites. The choice of material largely depends on the application. For instance, if an OEM wants to prototype a dashboard for a car, they could use thermoplastic as a print material, as it would offer more flexibility and rigidity, and if they want to prototype an engine component, they could 3D print on steel, which offers a high tolerance to temperature and pressure. Additionally, 3D printing in automotive reduces the time taken to prototype, the length of the supply chain, the cost of prototyping, and raw material wastage; these are also key drivers of the 3D printing in automotive market. Factors restricting the growth of the 3D printing in automotive market are lack of standardization of the control process and fluctuations in the availability and cost of print materials.

This report segments the 3D printing market for automotive on the basis of technology [stereolithography (SLA), laser sintering, electron beam melting (EBM), fused disposition modeling (FDM), laminated object manufacturing (LOM), three dimensional inkjet printing (3IDP), and other technologies], material [polymers, metals/alloys, and others (glass, ceramics, wood, composites)], application [prototyping and tooling, R&D and innovation, manufacturing complex components and others (customization, personalization, aftermarket)], and 3D printer market.

The report classifies and defines the 3D printing market for automotive, in terms of volume and value. Market size, in terms of volume, is provided in thousand kilograms from 2013 to 2020, while the market size, by value, is provided in terms of USD Million.

The 3D printing market for automotive in Europe is estimated to grow at the highest CAGR, by value, of 30.29% from 2015 to 2020.

The report also provides a comprehensive review of market drivers, restraints, opportunities, challenges, and key issues in the 3D printing market for automotive. Apart from analyzing the quantitative aspects of the market, the report also covers qualitative aspects, such as the value chain analysis and Porters Five Forces analysis.

The 3D printing market for automotive is dominated by a few major players, such as 3D Systems (U.S.), Stratasys (U.S.), Optomec (U.S.), ExOne (U.S.), and Arcam (Sweden). The key strategies adopted by these market players are mergers & acquisitions, new product development, and expansion.

1.4.1. YEARS CONSIDERED IN THE REPORT

2.2.2. KEY DATA FROM SECONDARY SOURCES

2.3.1. SAMPLING TECHNIQUES & DATA COLLECTION METHODS

4.1. ATTRACTIVE MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE

4.2. STEREO LITHOGRAPHY (SLA) TECHNOLOGY PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE MARKET AMONG OTHER TECHNOLOGIES FROM 2015 TO 2020 (USD MILLION)

4.3. PROTOTYPING & TOOLING APPLICATION TO DOMINATE THE 3D AUTOMOTIVE PRINTING MARKET IN TERMS OF VALUE

4.4. EUROPE & ASIA-PACIFIC REGIONS TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING MARKETS IN TERMS OF VALUE FOR 3D PRINTING IN AUTOMOTIVE

4.5. POLYMERS WILL CONTINUE TO BE THE MOST PREFERRED MATERIAL FOR 3D PRINTING BECAUSE OF ITS LIGHTWEIGHT (2020)

4.6. ASIA-PACIFIC REGIONS IS PROJECTED TO GROW AT THE HIGHEST CAGR IN TERMS OF 3D PRINTER SALES FOR AUTOMOTIVE

5.2. OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL 3D PRINTER SALES

6. CURRENT & FUTURE APPLICATION OF 3D PRINTING IN AUTOMOTIVE

6.2. IMPACT OF 3D PRINTING ON AUTOMOTIVE

6.3. APPLICATION OF 3D PRINTING IN AUTOMOTIVE: CURRENT & FUTURE

6.3.2.3. Wheels, tires, & suspensions

7.3.1.1. Reduction in costs & time of rapid prototyping

7.3.1.2. Government investments in 3D printing-related R&D projects

7.3.2.1. Limited availability, high cost, & standardization issues of 3D printing materials

7.3.2.2. Lack of standardized process control

7.3.3.1. Untapped markets for 3D printing applications

7.3.4.1. Limitations in prototyping, printing speed, & material composition

7.4.1. MANUFACTURERS VS. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS & COPYRIGHT ISSUES

7.5.3. BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS

7.8. 3D PRINTING & GLOBAL SUPPLY CHAIN

8. 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY APPLICATION

8.3. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & INNOVATION

8.4. MANUFACTURING COMPLEX COMPONENTS

9. GLOBAL 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY TECHNOLOGY

9.1.2.2. Direct metal laser sintering

9.1.5. LAMINATED OBJECT MANUFACTURING

9.1.6. THREE DIMENSIONAL INJECT PRINTING

9.1.7.2. Multiphase jet solidification (MJS)

10. 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL

11. 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION

11.6. ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY

11.7. EUROPE: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY

11.8. NORTH AMERICA: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY

11.9. ROW: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY

12. 3D PRINTING FOR AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS : CASE STUDIES

12.1. CASE STUDY 1: BAYERISCHE MOTOR WORKS

12.3. CASE STUDY 3: JAGUAR LAND ROVER

13.2. MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS, 3D PRINTING MARKET

13.3. COMPETITIVE SITUATION AND TRENDS

13.7. AGREEMENTS/JOINT VENTURES/PARTNERSHIPS

14. COMPANY PROFILES (Company at a Glance, Recent Financials, Products & Services, Strategies & Insights, & Recent Developments)

*Details on company at a glance, recent financials, products & services, strategies & insights, & recent developments might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.

15.3. INTRODUCING RT: REAL TIME MARKET INTELLIGENCE

15.4.1. 3D PRINTING FOR AEROSPACE INDUSTRY

15.4.2. 3D PRINTER SALES, BY TECHNOLOGY

15.4.3. ANALYSIS OF OEM SPENDING ON 3D PRINTING TECHNOLOGY

TABLE 2: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTER MARKET, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (000 UNITS)

TABLE 3: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTER MARKET, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD BILLION)

TABLE 4: AUTOMOTIVE: 3D PRINTER MARKET, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (000 UNITS)

TABLE 5: AUTOMOTIVE: 3D PRINTER MARKET, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD BILLION)

TABLE 6: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOBILE, BY APPLICATION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 7: PROTOTYPING & TOOLING: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COMPONENTS, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 8: RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, & INNOVATION: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COMPONENTS, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 9: MANUFACTURING COMPLEX COMPONENTS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COMPONENTS, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 10: OTHER APPLICATIONS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COMPONENTS, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 11: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 12: STEREOLITHOGRAPHY: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 13: LASER SINTERING: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 14: EBM: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOM
OTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 15: FDM: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 16: LOM: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 17: 3DIP: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 18: OTHER TECHNOLOGIES: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 19: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL, 2013-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 20: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 21: METALS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 22: METALS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 23: POLYMER: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 24: POLYMER: 3D PRINTING MARKET VALUE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 25: OTHERS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 26: OTHERS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2013-2020(USD MILLION)

TABLE 27: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2015-2020 (000 KG)

TABLE 28: GLOBAL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 29: ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 30: ASIA-PACIFIC: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 31: JAPAN: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 32: JAPAN: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 33: CHINA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 34: CHINA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 35: INDIA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 36: INDIA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 37: SOUTH KOREA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 38: SOUTH KOREA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 39: EUROPE: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 40: EUROPE: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 41: GERMANY: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 42: GERMANY: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 43: U.K.: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 44: U.K.: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 45: ITALY: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 46: ITALY: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 47: FRANCE: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 48: FRANCE: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 49: SPAIN: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 50: SPAIN: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 51: NORTH AMERICA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 52: NORTH AMERICA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 53: U.S.: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 54: U.S.: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 55: CANADA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 56: CANADA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 57: MEXICO: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 58: MEXICO: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 59: ROW: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 60: ROW: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 61: BRAZIL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 62: BRAZIL: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 63: RUSSIA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 64: RUSSIA: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 65: OTHERS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (000 KGS)

TABLE 66: OTHERS: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY MATERIAL 2015-2020 (USD MILLION)

TABLE 67: KOENIGSEGG: DIFFERENCE IN COST & TIME AFTER USING 3D PRINTER

TABLE 68: NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2013-2015

TABLE 70: MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS, 2014-2015

TABLE 71: AGREEMENTS/JOINT VENTURES /PARTNERSHIPS, 2015

FIGURE 2: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY MODEL

FIGURE 3: BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS: BY COMPANY TYPE, DESIGNATION, & REGION

FIGURE 4: MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: TOP-DOWN APPROACH

FIGURE 6: EUROPE 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE HOLDS THE LARGEST MARKET SHARE IN TERMS OF VOLUME, 2020

FIGURE 7: NORTH AMERICAN 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE IN TERMS OF VALUE TO DOMINATE DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 8: POLYMERS AS A 3D PRINTING MATERIAL IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE THE MARKET IN TERMS OF VOLUME, DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 9: SLA TECHNOLOGY IS PROJECTED TO HOLD THE HIGHEST SHARE AMONG OTHER TECHNOLOGIES, 2020

FIGURE 10: PROTOTYPING & TOOLING APPLICATION TO LEAD THE 3D AUTOMOTIVE PRINTING DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 11: NORTH AMERICA PROJECTED TO GENERATE MOST SALES BY VALUE, 2015-2020

FIGURE 12: EUROPEN MARKET IS PROJECTED TO HAVE THE HIGHEST SHARE OF 3D PRINTERS IN TERMS OF VOLUME FOR AUTOMOTIVE BY 2020

FIGURE 13: HISTORY OF 3D PRINTING, 1980-2013

FIGURE 14: ATTRACTIVE MARKET OPPORTUNITIES IN 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE

FIGURE 15: STEREO LITHOGRAPHY (SLA) TECHNOLOGY PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE MARKET FROM 2015 TO 2020 (USD MILLION)

FIGURE 16: PROTOTYPING & TOOLING APPLICATION TO DOMINATE THE 3D AUTOMOTIVE PRINTING MARKET IN TERMS OF VALUE ( (2015 & 2020)

FIGURE 17: EUROPE & ASIA-PACIFIC REGIONS TO BE THE FASTEST-GROWING MARKETS IN TERMS OF VALUE FOR 3D PRINTING IN AUTOMOTIVE

FIGURE 18: POLYMERS AS A 3D PRINT MATERIAL TO DOMINATE THE MARKET DURING BY 2020

FIGURE 19: GLOBAL 3D PRINTER SALES EXPECTED TO BE THE HIGHEST IN TERMS OF VALUE IN ASIA-PACIFIC BY 2020

FIGURE 20: ASIA-PACIFIC REGIONS IS PROJECTED TO AT THE FASTEST CAGR IN TERMS OF 3D PRINTER SALES FOR AUTOMOTIVE

FIGURE 21: OVERVIEW OF GLOBAL 3D PRINTER SALES (2013-2020) (000 UNITS)

FIGURE 22: NORTH AMERICAN MARKET IS PROJECTED TO GENERATE THE HIGHEST REVENUE IN 3D PRINTER SALES

FIGURE 23: MOST NUMBER OF 3D PRINTERS ARE PROJECTED TO BE SOLD IN THE EUROPEAN AUTOMOTIVE SECTOR

FIGURE 25: 3D PRINTING APPLICATION IN AUTOMOTIVE : NOW & BEYOND

FIGURE 26: 3D PRINTING FOR AUTOMOTIVE: MARKET DYNAMICS

FIGURE 27: PORTERS FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS: 3D PRINTING MARKET

FIGURE 28: 3D PRINTING MARKET: VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS

FIGURE 29: 3D PRINTING MARKET SIZE FOR AUTOMOTIVE, BY APPLICATION

FIGURE 30: PROTOTYPING & TOOLING APPLICATION: INTERIOR COMPONENTS PROJECTED TO GROW AT A HIGHER CAGR DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 31: STREREOLITHOGRAPGY TECHNOLOGY PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE MARKET BY VALUE DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 32: STEREOLITHOGRAPHY: ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES

FIGURE 33: SELECTIVE LASER SINTERING : ADVANTAGES V
S DISADVANTAGES

FIGURE 34: ELECTRON BEAM MELTING: ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES

FIGURE 35: FUSED DISPOSITION MODELING: ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES

FIGURE 36: MARKET FOR FUSED DISPOSITION MODELING TECHNOLOGY : APAC PROJECTED TO GROW AT THE HIGHEST CAGR DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 37: LAMINATED OBJECT MANUFACTURING: ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES

FIGURE 38: THREE DIMENSIONAL INJECT PRINTING: ADVANTAGES VS DISADVANTAGES

FIGURE 39: 3D PRINTING MATERIAL MARKET SEGMENTATION

FIGURE 40: MARKET FOR METALS AS 3D PRINTING MATERIAL IS PROJECTED TO HAVE A PROMISING GROWTH RATE (2015-2020)

FIGURE 41: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE IN ASIA-PACIFIC REGION: SNAPSHOT

FIGURE 42: SIGNIFICANT GROWTH RATE PROJECTED IN THE JAPANESE & CHINESE AUTOMOTIVE 3D PRINTING MARKETS (2015-2020)

FIGURE 43: POLYMERS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE THE MARKET IN JAPAN DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD, (2015-2020)

FIGURE 44: POLYMERS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL ARE ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE IN TERMS OF VALUE, IN THE CHINESE 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE (2015-2020)

FIGURE 45: POLYMERS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL FOR AUTOMOTIVE IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE IN TERMS OF VALUE IN INDIA (2015-2020)

FIGURE 46: POLYMERS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL TO DOMINATE THE SOUTH KOREAN MARKET (2015-2020)

FIGURE 47: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE IN EUROPEAN REGION: SNAPSHOT

FIGURE 48: GERMANY TO LEAD THE EUROPEAN AUTOMOTIVE 3D PRINTING MARKET BY VALUE (2015-2020)

FIGURE 49: POLYMERS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL PROJECTED TO DOMINATE THE GERMAN 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE (2015-2020)

FIGURE 50: POLYMER AS 3D PRINTMATERIAL IN TERMS OF VALUE IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE THE U.K. MARKET (2015-2020)

FIGURE 51: POLYMER MARKET AS 3D PRINTMATERIAL IN TERMS OF VALUE IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE IN FRANCE (2015-2020)

FIGURE 52: 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE IN NORTH AMERICAN REGION: SNAPSHOT

FIGURE 53: U.S. TO CONTINUE LEADING IN THE NORTH AMERICAN 3D PRINTING MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE (2015-2020)

FIGURE 54: POLYMERS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL FOR AUTOMTIVE IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE THE U.S DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 55: POLYMERS IS ESTIMATED TO DOMINATE THE 3D PRINT MATERIAL MARKET IN CANADA DURING THE FORECAST PERIOD

FIGURE 56: METALS AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL EXPECTED TO GROW IN THE MEXICAN AUTOMOTIVE 3D PRINTING MARKET

FIGURE 57: POLYMERS TO DOMINATE THE 3D PRINT MATERIAL MARKET IN BRAZIL

FIGURE 58: HIGH GROWTH FOR POLYMER IN BRAZIL (2015-2020)

FIGURE 59: METAL AS 3D PRINT MATERIAL FOR AUTOMOTIVE TO DRIVE THE 3D PRINTING INDUSTRY IN RUSSIA (2015-2020)

FIGURE 60: DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENTS AS A KEY GROWTH STRATEGY OVER THE LAST THREE YEARS

FIGURE 61: 3D PRINTING MARKET SHARE, 2015

FIGURE 62: MARKET EVALUATION FRAMEWORK: AGREEMENTS HAVE INTEGRATED THE 3D PRINTING MARKET FROM 2012-2015

FIGURE 63: BATTLE FOR MARKET SHARE: DISTRIBUTION AGREEMENTS WAS THE KEY STRATEGY

FIGURE 64: REGION-WISE REVENUE MIX OF FIVE MAJOR PLAYERS

FIGURE 65: 3D SYSTEMS CORPORATION : COMPANY SNAPSHOT

FIGURE 66: AUTODESK: COMPANY SNAPSHOT

FIGURE 67: ARCAM AB: BUSINESS OVERVIEW

FIGURE 68: STRATASYS INC.: COMPANY SNAPSHOT

FIGURE 69: VOXELJET AG. : BUSINESS OVERVIEW

FIGURE 71: HOGANAS AB: COMPANY SNAPSHOT

ȫǾɾִվصıҲѯ

3Dӡˢ (2018):10Ԥ⡤

ɢĸ:3Dӡˢƶ˻˹ѧIoTԶ̲TwiningĻ

ҵ4.0 (ҵˡ3DӡˢAIݡȫƶ㡢H&VϵͳҵIoTģ⡢VRAR):2018-2023

̫ҵ3Dӡȫ:2017ꡫ2021

Venture Scanner&ݿ:3Dӡ

ȫҽƼ3DӡˢܲƲȨ (IP)ר

3DӡļɳԤ:2018ꡫ2028

TEL: 02-2729-4219(+886-2-2729-4219)ȫ/ҵ , , Ԥ

SLA Research and Language Teaching

This book presents SLA research as a source of specifications for teachers to explore in their own classrooms. The author sees the four main roles of SLA researchers as developing relevant theories, conducting their own classroom research, making research accessible to teachers, and facilitating action research. Each chapter addresses a major issue in the field of SLA and langu…

This book presents SLA research as a source of specifications for teachers to explore in their own classrooms. The author sees the four main roles of SLA researchers as developing relevant theories, conducting their own classroom research, making research accessible to teachers, and facilitating action research. Each chapter addresses a major issue in the field of SLA and language teaching.

SLA Research and Language Teaching

SLA Research and Language Teaching

SLA Research and Language Teaching:feed: rss 2.0

Ceramics Breaking Through the Next 3D Printing Material Frontier Part 1

Keter Plastics Uses BigRep One to Save Thousands of Dollars on Prototypes Video

Mass Customized, Automotive 3D Printing Production Is Coming in 2018

GE Presents Prototype for Project H1 Metal Binder Jetting 3D Printer

Concept Laser Breaks Ground on Groundbreaking New 3D Campus Facility

Nanoscribe Nano 3D Printer Used for Cell Regeneration and Nerve Interfacing Microdevices

3D Lifeprints Secures 500,000 to Significantly Expand Medical Modeling Activities for NHS

New Chemical MP3 Players Could Lead to Spotify Network of On-demand 3D Printed Drugs

3D Systems and Stryker Team Up to Advance Personalized Surgery through VSP

ASTM International Extends AM Center of Excellence Proposal Deadlines

Sintavia Obtains AS9100 Revision D Certification for Aerospace Additive Manufacturing

International Stem Cell Corporation Presents New Liver Tissue Bioprinter

Dassault Systmes Launches SOLIDWORKS 2018 with Stronger Support for 3D Printing

Adidas FUTURECRAFT 4D Running Shoes Are Here AM for Mass Production Is Real

BLB Industries Supplies Large Format 3D Printer to NorDan for Window and Door Production

Reebok Strikes Back with Modla for Flexweave Footwear Design Collaboration / Video

Kallista Introduces Grid, a Set of Beautiful Metal 3D Printed Faucet Designs

EU Awards €2.7M for RUN2Rail Research Project to 3D Print Train Parts

Royal Adelaide Hospital Receives 3D Bioprinter Designed and Built at UOW to Work on Diabetes Cure

MIT Engineers 3D Print Programmed Cells Into a Living Tattoo / Video

MIT Develops FastFFF 10X Faster Desktop Filament Extrusion 3D Printer / Video

Carbon Partners With Paragon for UK Production

Poietis Launches Poieskin, the First Commercial Tissue Model Manufactured by Bioprinting

Digital Metal Expands Operations and Doubles Production Capacity for Its DM P2500 3D Printer

Aprecia Pharmaceuticals and Cycle Pharmaceuticals Partner to Develop 3D Printed Orphan Drugs

Gartners Top 3 Failed Predictions on 3D Printing (That Will Probably Never Come True)

Thor3D ControlNice Technology Partner for 3D Scanner Distribution in China

Nanoscribe Nano 3D Printer Used for Cell Regeneration and Nerve Interfacing Microdevices

New Simplify3D 3D Printing Materials Guide Helps You Choose Filament and Optimize Results

Worlds Smallest 3D Printed Fidget Spinner Measures Just 100 Micron Video

3D Lifeprints Secures 500,000 to Significantly Expand Medical Modeling Activities for NHS

regenHU and Wako Automation Collaborate to Promote 3D Bioprinting in Drug-discovery in the USA

Xavi M. Faneca Is the New CEO at BCN3D

Bugattis New Brake Caliper Is the Largest Functional Component 3D Printed in Titanium

Designer Creates Brifo Anti-pollution Mask for Children Using Sinterit SLS and Netfabb

New Chemical MP3 Players Could Lead to Spotify Network of On-demand 3D Printed Drugs

Ceramics, Breaking Through the Next 3D Printing Material Frontier / Part 1

Ceramics, Breaking Through the Next 3D Printing Material Frontier / Part 1

A high resolution technical ceramics 3D printed partShare31TweetShare76Buffer10EmailShares117In recent months there has been a greater focus on the use of ceramics materials for AM than ever before. This is due to a series of converging trends: on one side several AM technologies are now able to process advanced ceramics materials, on the other, there are now low-cost technologies that are able to use ceramic materials as an ideal material for end-use, biocompatible and even food-compatible products. Technical ceramics are able to provide ideal mechanical properties and 3D printing allows for shaping ceramic parts in complex, high-resolution geometries that have never been possible in the past.

As larger industrial groups become directly involved in ceramic 3D printing technologies, SmarTech Publishing a leading market forecast firm for the AM industry is forecasting the Ceramics AM market including hardware, software, materials and applications (both technical and traditional) to top $3.1 billion by 2027, with rapid adoption in aerospace, medical, industrial manufacturing and even consumer products. For these reasons, 3DPMN launched theCeramics AM Industry Focusthis month, with a dedicatedFocus Section, specifically to cover all the technologies, applications and market evolutions around the additive manufacturing of ceramics. In the following two-part article,Rachel Parkwill explore the latest evolutions in the world of ceramics 3D printing, in terms of leading processes and major new applications.

Davide Sher, CEO, 3D Printing Media NetworkIntroduction

Ceramics are deeply embedded as a functional material in human history, dating back to Asia as early as 12,000 BC in clay forms for pots. Industrial ceramic materials date back to the start of the 20thCentury, and the 1stindustrial revolution when ceramics were used more widely for indoor plumbing, sewer tiles, and bathroom and kitchen fixtures.

As a basic definition, ceramic materials are inorganic, non-solid-metallic materials and, typically at least 30% crystalline. Naturally-occurring clay has traditionally been the foundational material of ceramic materials and remains dominant, but it is not an essential requirement for all ceramic materials today.

Ceramic materials can generally be categorized in four ways:

used in building construction for bricks, pipes and roof/floor tiles etc.

used for kiln linings and crucibles for making steel and glass.

including tableware, decorative tiles, art objects and bathroom furniture (toilets/sinks etc).

advanced ceramic materials, which exhibit high mechanical, chemical, thermal and electrical resistance, and are typically used for space, auto, military and medical applications; generally, do not contain clay.

Within the field of 3D printing and additive manufacturing, ceramic materials as compared with polymer and metal material categories are still playing catch up. There has been and continues to be, significant research and increasing commercial activity around ceramic 3D printing but it is not yet as prolific as the other material categories.

A ceramic part produced by binder jetting technology by Tethon3D, using Tethonite powder on a Zcorp system

Produced by stereolithography by Nervous System using Porcelite material on a Formlabs system

The particular thing to note with ceramic materials utilized for 3D printing is that post-build, the parts that come off the 3D printer need to undergo the same secondary processes as any ceramic part produced using traditional methods of production namely firing (also called sintering) and glazing (dependent on application). The 3D printing stage of the overall process is about producing the desired shape of the part, which, due to the nature of the ceramic materials, remains in a fragile state called the green part. The secondary process of sintering or firing, typically at temperatures greater than 800C, is essentially where the strength is added to the part and the final properties of the material are determined. The ability to process ceramic materials brings the advantage of being able to design and physically build products and parts with complexities that are challenging, or impossible, with traditional methods of manufacture.

As stated, 3D printing with ceramics has generated increasing research and new commercial entities in the last decade with hardware and process development, material development, application development, as well as the emergence of specialized services offering commercially available and proprietary ceramic 3D printing services, and sometimes a combination thereof.

There are three dominant 3D printing processes that can currently accommodate ceramic materials, namely binder jetting, material extrusion, and vat photopolymerization methods, namely stereolithography (SLA) and Digital Light Processing (DLP).

Dominant 3D printing hardware vendo
rs for binder jetting systems that can process industrial (technical) ceramic materials include3D Systems(by way of its previous acquisition of ZCorporation, and subsequent development);VoxeljetandExOne. This process depends on a powder bed of technical ceramic material and a liquid binder material that selectively binds the powder.

DG Shape (previously operating underRoland DG) is another hardware vendor that is currently developing a binder jetting system for 3D printing ceramic materials. A prototype version was on show at formnext last year.

Another company that has recently emerged with a commercial additive manufacturing proposition based on the binder jetting process isJohnson Matthey (JM). Celebrating its 200thanniversary this year, JMs approach has resulted from user evolution. As a long time user of 3D printing technology for prototyping applications, since 2009 the company has invested heavily in developing a proprietary binder jetting process for its own high volume application the production of catalysts, along with proprietary industrial ceramic material development. The company is currently scaling up this production application of 3D printing in-house as well as offering services and support outwards to industrial partners.

What is interesting about the JM application is that the company cites the ability to scale up the binder jetting process more easily than other additive manufacturing processes, with parts equal or better in strength than comparable production methods. Moreover, the characteristic often cited as a limitation of ceramic AM porosity is actually beneficial for the production of catalysts.

The material extrusion process is the most prolifically used 3D printing process courtesy of its adaptation for low-cost desktop systems right through to large frame industrial machines. The development of different extruders for a wide range of different materials also includes clay and ceramic-filled polymers.

Perhaps the company that most expansively illustrates the current capabilities and potential for 3D printing with ceramic materials using the extrusion process is the Italian organizationWASP. It is sometimes easy to forget that WASP is an acronym, short for the Worlds Advanced Saving Project. The premise for the project is continuous research into technological innovation with the purpose of sustainable progress for a better world. The ultimate aim is the development of large-scale 3D printers for the production of low-cost sustainable housing projects using materials in plentiful supply from the region where the homes are being built. Key to the progress that the company is making is the development of an adjustable fluid-dense extruder theliquid deposit modelling (LDM) WASP extruderthat is compatible with clay, ceramics, porcelain, alumina, zirconium and advanced ceramics.

Other companies that have developed desktop extrusion systems for ceramic materials include Vorm VRIJ which has developed the LUTUM series of clay 3D printers, 3D Figo with the FFD 150H system, and, more recently, DeltaBots 3D Potterbot 7, and the Clay XYZ printer which was successfully funded onKickstarterlast month.

Vorm VRIJ, a husband and wife team based in the Netherlands, has a similar remit to WASP, driven primarily by sustainability, but with an evident focus also on art and design. There are three 3D printers in the LUTUM range The LUTUM mini, with a single extruder and 45 x 44 x 45 cm build volume; the LUTUM MXL, with a build volume of 45 x 44 x 75 cm that comes standard with a single extruder but can be configured with a dual extruder; and the LUTUM dual (experimental) system with dual extruders for two colour printing.

The3D Potterbot 7from DeltaBots prints ceramic products up to 36 inches in the Z axis with thick clay, a claim that sets it apart from comparable 3D printers according to the company. Once again this capability is enabled by the proprietary extruder, which features nozzles that can be sized between 1mm and 16 mm.

Figo-3D has developed the FFD 150H 3D printing system, where FFD is an acronym for Fused Feedstock Deposition. The premise of this system is that it can process both ceramic and metallic materials based on stand CIM and MIM stock, according to the company. The build volume for the FFD 150 H is 15 x 15 x 12 cm.

As the originator of the SLA process, 3D Systems unsurprisingly offers a range of ceramic filledSLA resins.

3D Ceram, a company based in France, has developed a hardware system specifically for 3D printing photocurable ceramic paste materials (alumina, zirconia or hydroxyapatite (HA)). The Ceramaker 900 system is both offered for sale and as a service and has a build volume of 30 x 30 x 11 cm with a resolution down to 25 microns.

Like 3D Ceram, ADMATEC in the Netherlands developed proprietary hardware based on its ADMAFLEX technology for the production of highly dense ceramic components using the DLP process and filled resins (Alumina / Zirconia / Fused Silica). Claiming densities than 99%, this process was originally (and continues to be) offered as a service, but since 2016 has been available for purchase in the form of theADMAFLEX 130system.

Lithoz, based in Austria, has a similar background too, in what is a developing historical pattern for 3D printing ceramic companies. In this case, however, Lithoz focuses on the entire value chain of ceramic manufacturing including hardware, software, specifically developed ceramic materials and services. The proprietary Lithoz AM process for high-performance ceramics is called Lithography-based Ceramic Manufacturing (LCM) and uses technical, high-performance ceramic materials to produce parts with the same material properties as conventionally formed parts, according to the company. The commercialization of the process was the result of a project initiated in 2006 at the TU Vienna.

In terms of process innovation, Israel based XJet is close to commercializing a direct Ceramic Inkjet Printing system based on its proprietary NanoParticle Jetting technology. Essentially, this process jets ultra-thin layers of droplets containing ceramic nanoparticles, which are deposited onto the system build-tray, producing ceramic parts directly as the dispersion liquid evaporates due to the extremely high temperatures of the process. Interestingly, I learned that a primary driver for XJet to move into ceramics came from the dental industry, which will likely be a dominant application.

Check outPart 2 of this article, where Rachel explores the leading materials, services and applications that are breaking through the next 3D printing material frontier.Share31TweetShare76Buffer10EmailShares117top news2017-12-06Rachel ParkAbout Rachel ParkRachel is a freelance writer and editor with more than 25 years experience. Her specific area of expertise is the 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing sector, a market she has been immersed in since 1996.@RPES12PreviousMIT Engineers 3D Print Programmed Cells Into a Living Tattoo / VideoNextUsing 3D Printing to Enhance Mine Risk Education Programs in SyriaRelated ArticlesGartners Top 3 Failed Predic…

Share31 Tweet Share76 Buffer10 EmailShares 117 Tethon 3D, one of the leading innovators in ceramics 3D